General Terms & Conditions

1. Intellectual property

The publications Africa Intelligence,, Intelligence Online and La Lettre are the exclusive property of Indigo Publications. All their content is protected under French and international copyright and intellectual property law.

Subscribing to an annual subscription - regardless of what type of subscription it is - does not involve any transfer of property rights of any kind to the Client (the term “Client” covers any beneficiary or administrator of a Subscription Licence).

2. Distribution terms

Africa Intelligence,, Intelligence Online and La Lettre content may be consulted under one of the following formulas:


A number of subscription options are available to allow you to read our publications with unlimited access, all year long.

a. PROFESSIONAL LICENCES: up to 50 readers

Multi-reader professional licences allow, via a single invoice, the management of collective subscriptions within the same legal entity. The number of readers allowed is specified in the invoice.These formulas apply sliding scale rates based on the number of readers and are intended for individuals employed in a unit where the collective use of our information is essential for the smooth running of their activities. Downloading individual articles in PDF format is permitted within the context of this subscription offer to simplify information sharing between readers listed in the Licence. Each license has an appointed Administrator who is in charge of managing the subscription taken out by the organisation. The Administrator is responsible for all requests for changes addressed to Indigo Publications (adding or taking out readers, etc.). For its part, Indigo Publications undertakes to interact only with the Administrator for all administrative matters (payment of invoices, renewal procedures, etc.).

Several identification procedures are available to adapt to the reading needs of each client:

  • Access via nominative email addresses (e.g., [email protected]) allows each registered reader to personalise his/her consultation of the publications and to set up online services according to his/her needs.
  • A connection via a collective email address (e.g., [email protected]) allows a group of readers belonging to the same department to access the publications simultaneously via a shared login. This means of identification is available for shared licences of 20 or more readers, with a limit of one collective email address per 20 users.

  • b. GLOBAL LICENCES: over 50 readers

    For organisations wishing to register a wider or unlimited readership, Indigo Publications offers Global Licences to suit the profile and size of each client. This formula makes it possible to subscribe at a very advantageous rate either a whole entity (headquarters + local offices), entire headquarters, subsidiaries, or very large departments. This offer comes with several premium advantages: consolidated administrative oversight, possibility of combining the traditional identification methods (nominative or collective logins) or benefiting from other solutions such as IP and/or EZProxy identification, daily RSS feed, dowloading individual articles in PDF format and even full-length editions upon request…


    For media outlets' editorial teams and university libraries, we offer a special subscription rate to allow our publication to be distributed widely within the establishment. The means of connection used is tailored for the needs and systems in place at each establishment: IP ranges, EZProxy, RSS feeds, or nominative email addresses if a specific number of readers is established.

    d. SMALL BUSINESS LICENCE (Individuals and Small Businesses)

    Small Business Licences are designed for small businesses with fewer than five employees, for students, and for individuals not using our publications in a professional context. Publications and services are accessible online only, and subscribers must provide a subscribers must provide a nominative email address (ex. [email protected]). This subscription offer allows you to add a second reader using a nominative email addressfree of charge.


    The E-wallet offer is a prepaid account that can be used to buy articles separately. In June 2024, the ability to credit an electronic wallet was removed, making the annual subscriptions described in "SUBSECTION 1" the only means of reading articles published by Indigo Publications.

    The remaining monetary credit for e-wallet holders has been converted into a number of articles to read, on the basis of EUR/GBP/USD 4.5 = 1 article. This credit can be used by our e-wallet customers across all our websites, with no time limit. The number of articles remaining is updated in real-time.

    No refunds will be made on the balance of the E-wallet. However, remaining credit can be deducted from a subscription offer.


    Free accounts are intended for anyone wishing to test out a publication before making a subscription commitment. They allow access to articles in the free-access area. The user must provide a valid email address, a password and then activate the newly created account via the verification email that follows. Just as it is for subscribers, the personal information you provide when opening a free account is used only to ensure that you have access to the free services. It is not shared with partners or external service providers.

    3. Extraction and indexing restrictions

    Subscribers may access a database containing Africa Intelligence,, Intelligence Online and La Lettre archives as part of their Licence.

    However, by virtue of Article L.342-1 of Law No. 98-536 of July 1, 1998 of the French Intellectual Property Code, Indigo Publications prohibits “the extraction, by the permanent or temporary transfer of all or a substantial part, qualitatively or quantitatively, of the contents of a database to another medium, by any means or in any form”.

    In concrete terms, the use of robots or manual methods to extract a substantial part of Indigo Publications’ databases is strictly prohibited, unless prior written consent has been given.

    4. Authorised readers’ liabilities

    Any authorised reader within the framework of a Subscription Licence undertakes to respect the readership perimeter defined beforehand at the time of purchase. Thus, a reader belonging to a Professional Licence comprising a maximum of 10 readers may only distribute our information to the 9 other readers also included and selected by the Administrator of his/ her Licence.

    Outside of this perimeter, editions and individual articles may not be disseminated within the organisation whether by email, print, intranet, or any other means of communication. They may not be distributed outside to third parties (extranet, website, blog, social networks), with the exception of quotes or short extracts which include the link to our publication's website. Authorised readers undertake to keep their password secret and to not disclose it in any form whatsoever to third parties.

    5. Licence Administrator's specific liabilities

    The Administrator responsible for managing a Licence guarantees the acceptance and respect of the present Terms and Conditions by all readers authorised as part of this Licence.

    6. Subscription Licence management

    All orders of a Subscription Licence involve full and unreserved acceptance of the present Terms and Conditions.

    Start date – The Subscription Licence takes effect from reception of the order where this is a new Subscription. For renewals, the new Subscription Licence takes effect from the previous Licence. For any other arrangement (retroactive subscription, other specified start date etc.), specify these at the time of the order.

    Annulation – Orders for subscription licences are deemed firm and final as soon as they are received by Indigo Publications. According to French law, a Client may exercise the right to cancel a contract within 14 days of the order. The Client may be liable to a fee in proportion to the duration of the Subscription Licence between the date the order was registered and the date it was cancelled.

    7. Payment terms

    An invoice for the Subscription Licence is issued at the time the service is instated. This invoice is available as a PDF under the site's "My account" page. It can also be sent by Indigo Publications to the Client (or invoicing contact specified at the time of subscription). Please refer any requests for invoices to [email protected].

    Payment delays -Payment of the Subscription Licence is due upon receipt of the invoice and must be made within 30 days upon receipt. In the event of a late payment, the Subscription Licence will be suspended until the invoice has been paid in full. If the Customer holds several subscriptions, failure to pay any one subscription within this period shall lead to the suspension of all current subscriptions until receipt of the overdue payment.

    Payment mode - Indigo Publications accepts payment in euros (EUR), US dollars (USD) and pounds sterling (GBP), via the following methods:

    - Bank transfer. Any transfer costs charged by the Client's bank are payable by the Client.

    - Credit card:

  • Visa, Mastercard
  • American Express (only in EUR or USD)
  • - Bank check to the order of Indigo Publications

    - PayPal

    (For any other mode of payment, contact customer service)

    8. Personal data and privacy

    Indigo Publications undertakes to comply with the laws protecting privacy and individual freedom and commits itself to not disclose to third parties information communicated to the company by the Client (whether an Administrator or Reader). In particular, Indigo Publications undertakes to never disclose to third parties its Client’s files nor those of its account holders (prospect).

    In keeping with the French law on information technology, data files and civil liberties of January 6, 1978, Clients have the right to access, rectify and update personal data about themselves. They may refuse to receive promotional material by modifying their personal information online or by sending a request to customer service.

    > Modify my personal information

    > Contact customer service

    9. Modification & Compliance with these terms

    Indigo Publications reserves itself the right to modify the present Terms and Conditions at any time.

    Indigo Publications reserves the right to suspend or terminate any Subscription Licence that contravenes the above General Terms and Conditions.

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