Hayden, Vickers: spymasters lift the lid
Before the US presidential elections, some ex-intelligence chiefs are poised to publish their memoirs. [...]
The DGSE (Direction Generale de la Securite Exterieure) is France’s external intelligence service. Operating all over the world, the agents of its operations department, or DO, and intelligence department, DR, have distinguished themselves recently in Africa and the Middle East. The service’s technical department, or DT, is France’s dedicated interceptions service, like Britain’s GCHQ or the NSA in the US.
The French intelligence services have come under fire for failing to prevent the terror attacks in Paris on November 13. But while there were undoubtedly mistakes, intelligence service insiders blame administrative delays, political inaction and indecisiveness. [...]