COS in Saudi desert
French special forces troops recently trained in Saudi Arabia with their Saudi counterparts from the ministries of defence and interior. [...]
The COS (Commandement des Operations Speciales), France’s special operations command, has authority over all of the French forces’ Special Forces units. Based on the model of the USSOCOM, the COS reports directly to the chief of defence staff and often operates under the orders of the French president. It is frequently in competition with the DGSE’s Service Action on clandestine operations.
One of recently-appointed new French military intelligence chief General Pierre de Villiers' major tasks is to reform military intelligence within the armed forces, an area whose weaknesses came to light during France's Operations Serval and Harmattan in Mali and Libya. [...]